A report by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) ranks Morocco among the top 5 countries likely to emerge as global hubs for floating offshore wind, a technology that is set to see unprecedented growth in the coming years. years.
After 30 years of growth, floating offshore wind is now a mature technology, whose deployment around the world is accelerating, underlines the GWEC in its report entitled “Floating offshore wind, a global opportunity”.
“We are already seeing the emergence of floating offshore wind markets in a number of countries, including France, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and the UK,” say the report’s authors, who point out that behind these mature markets, other countries are well placed to emerge as global floating offshore wind hubs.
Thus, of the 115 countries examined by the GWEC, and after an initial selection of 30 countries considered to have high potential, five of them were highlighted by the authors of the report: Ireland, Italy, the Philippines, the United States (west coast) and Morocco. These five countries are considered to be the most equipped markets, from a technological and political point of view, to rapidly develop projects in the floating offshore wind sector, and become world giants.
It must be said that Morocco ticks all the boxes of the criteria established by the GWEC to measure the potential of countries. These criteria, seven in number, include in particular technical capacities, climatic and geographical conditions, and above all strong and ambitious public policies in terms of the development of renewable energies.
“Access to large wind resources, the existence and achievement of green project targets, and increased energy security, are the main drivers for the development of floating offshore wind in Morocco,” explain the authors of the report.
In terms of wind resources, the GWEC reports that wind speeds off the Moroccan coast vary considerably, with winds as low as 5 m/s for the main cities of Casablanca and Rabat, while the strait areas from Gibraltar and along the southern part of the Atlantic coast have average wind speeds above 10 m/s.
“The largest area with access to high wind speeds is off the southern Atlantic coast, where water depths drop sharply near the shore and are generally between 60 and 500 meters,” continues the GWEC. .
In addition to the abundance of wind resources, Morocco can rely on a strong political will to achieve the objectives of sustainable development and the use of renewable energies.
“Moroccan governments have shown the political will to not only set ambitious targets in terms of renewable energy, but also to achieve them”, underline the authors of the report, who recall that the Kingdom plans to add a capacity of 4 .2 GW for wind energy by 2030.
In addition, they add, support mechanisms for green projects, which are based on public-private partnerships between operators and Masen, are favorable to the large-scale deployment of floating offshore wind projects. “These support mechanisms have worked well for onshore wind projects,” note the authors of the GWEC report.
The project authorization process is also promoted by the GWEC. “The authorization process is managed by MASEN, which operates as a one-stop shop. This process feels smooth and fluid,” the report says.
Another asset of Morocco lies in its logistical capacities: “Morocco has adapted ports near potentially attractive sites, as is the case for Agadir”, specify the authors of the report. The proximity of sites on the Atlantic coast to the port of the capital of Souss, combined with significant wind resources, should drive down production costs, making this energy more competitive.
The only downside to the picture: the electricity network in southern Morocco lacks the capacity to manage large-scale offtakes from future offshore wind farms, says the GWEC. On this point, it is indicated that the National Office for Electricity and Drinking Water (ONEE) has a network development plan for 2019-2023 which provides for investments to integrate renewable energies.
All these assets are likely to make Morocco a major player in floating offshore wind power, while growth forecasts for this market worldwide are constantly being revised upwards.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that floating offshore wind projects will have to be multiplied by 13 by 2030 worldwide to reach 80 GW of capacity by 2030. By 2050, this capacity must increase to 2,000 GW, in order to achieve the objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C.